Oral pathology and microbiology

oral pathology and microbiology
The branch of Dentistry which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the oral and maxillo-facial region. The speciality deals with the use of the latest equipment for diagnosis such as X-Rays, CT Scans, CBCT, and others. The knowledge of this branch of Dentistry is also of paramount importance in Forensic investigations and specialists of this field are often called upon for their advice in these.

After completing this course, the student is more capable of diagnosing diseases and cancers. Also, the doctor may set up his/her laboratory. Many such laboratories over the country offer services in immunoohistochemistry and other specialized procedures that they are exposed to during their course.

About the Department
The department has a fully functional immunohistochemistry lab, and a microbiology lab in addition to the histochemistry lab. The department is also involved in providing support for research projects of other specialities.

Academic Activities
The department has conducted two Continuing Dental Education programs highlighting the recent trends in the subject and in Forensic Odontology. In addition, the department routinely engages the undergraduate students in interesting activities so as to teach them in an informal environment. A carving competition was held in March 2015 in continuation of the same effort.

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Completed Research Projects
⇨ Estimation of iron overloads using oral exfoliative cytology in β-thalassemia major patients
⇨ Oral microflora in a group of patients with β-thalassemia major
⇨ Sex determination from pulp tissue – a fluorescent microscopic study
⇨ Correlation of serum and salivary lipids in patients with oral precancerous lesions
⇨ Barr bodies from saliva; good enough to establish gender
⇨ Dry preservation of oral pathology specimens – a modern approach
⇨ Evaluation of oral microflora in precancerous lesion patients
⇨ Mast cells and angiogenesis in oral Leukoplakia, OSMF and OSCC: An immunohistochemical study
⇨ Gender determination using maxillary sinus
⇨ Determination of age, sex and blood group from a single tooth
⇨ Facial reconstruction – a simplified technique
⇨ Changes in microflora in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment
⇨ The evaluation of collagen in Leukoplakia, OSMF and OSCC using polarizing microscopy and immunohistochemistry
⇨ Comparative evaluation of S. mutans in self ligating and conventional bracket system
⇨ Gingival hyperplasia associated with orthodontic treatment

Ongoing Research Projects
⇨ Comparative evaluation of changes in oral microflora in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment following different oral hygiene protocols
⇨ Role of Heat Shock Protein – 70 in oral premalignant lesions and OSCC
⇨ Determining secretor status and correlating with ABH antigen expression in patients with potentially malignant disorders and OSCC
⇨ Fluorescent staining in liquid based and conventional cytology: A comparative study.
⇨ Effects of temperature changes on deciduous and permanent teeth- An electron microscopic study.
⇨ Comparative reliability of chelioscopy, rugoscopy and radiography in gender determination.